THE DEFINITIVE E-LIQUID GUIDE 2020


You've probably wondered whether it makes sense make your own e-liquid.

Maybe it's because of the building up cost of e juice. For instance, if you're sub-ohmer, you can burn through 10 ml e-liquid daily. That means would spend more especially for premium e juices.

Or you prefer more unique profiles like passion and melon flavored e liquids. Or even worse, your favorite e juice is always sold out.

The solution; DIY e-liquids. You won’t believe how much money DIY can save. Let’s do the math.

Is it cheaper to make your own e-liquid?

              Image result for australian dollars free copyright images

If you Do-It-Yourself, a 10ml of e-liquid can save up to $90 monthly.

Let’s say every two days you buy a 10ml bottle. On average a 10ml bottle costs around $ 6.99. That means you’ll spend around $100 monthly. On the other hand, a 10ml diy e-liquid bottle will cost you as little as 28p. That’s $10 per month; $90 less than what it would cost.

A great deal right? Here’s how to make e-liquids.

 Making e-liquids       

Generally, there two ways of making e-juice:

  • By weight

All ingredients are weighed before mixing. This is because VG, PG and nicotine weigh differently. With the aid of a diy e-liquid calculator, record the weights and calculate to find the required weight.

  • By volume

This involves measuring the volume of each ingredient using pipettes or syringes. If you use syringes, you’ll have to use different syringes per ingredient. Note, measuring by volume can be very messy. Mixing by weight is cleaner and accurate especially for e-liquids less than 100ml.

 

DIY E-liquid mixing kits

 

Regardless of your preferred method of mixing, these are the key ingredients you’ll need as a beginner:

 

  • PG/VG – Base liquid

It’s an odorless liquid comprising of both PG and VG. PG (Propylene Gylcol) is less viscous and it is used to carry flavor. Users claim that it produces a throat hit, similar to that of tobacco. Note, PG could have allergic side effects.

VG (Vegetable Glycerin) is more viscous than PG and has a sweet taste. It produces bigger clouds and most suitable for sub-ohm vaping.

 

Base liquid can sometimes be pre-mixed in the ratio of 50/50 or 70/30 for beginners. That means it will have a flexibility over the final ratio.

 

 

  • Pipettes/syringes

Using pipettes is absolutely the easiest method of mixing by volume. But, it’s not the most ideal because drops are not real units of measurement. Pipettes also don't give the accurate nicotine percentage. Nobody wants that.


That's why we recommend 10ml syringes for the base liquid and 1ml for nicotine and flavor concentrates. Gauge 4 syringes are recommended when dealing with the thicker VG.

  • Nicotine

Nicotine which is also present in cigarettes is addictive. It is important to note that nicotine is not mandatory for those who vaping prefer nicotine free e-liquids. Nicotine suspended in PG but you can still find it in other solutions.


Nicotine strength depends on preference. For beginners, 36 or 48ml/ g in a 100 ml bottle is enough. Nicotine can be poisonous when ingested so keep away from children as well as pets.

 

  • Flavor concentrates

Flavors concentrates give taste to the e-liquid. There’s a wide range of flavors from trusted companies to choose from, choose wisely. However, you should only use flavorings made for inhaling and not the commonly used food flavorings.

 

  • Measuring scale

You’ll require an electronic measuring scale if you’re measuring by weight. Preferably, a scale that goes from 0.01gms to 200gms. That range makes it accurate when dealing with e-liquid recipes.

 

 You can try American Weigh Scales LB-501 which weighs up to 500gms. It’s considered a unicorn among measuring scale donkeys by all diyers out there. Plus, it comes with calibrated weights and 10-year warranty.

 

  • Gloves

Disposable gloves will come in handy while dealing with poisonous nicotine. You can easily get them over the counter in the nearest pharmacy. Don’t be fooled by the little spills, nicotine is very easily absorbed through the skin. Once, absorbed it can be hazardous or even cause a skin rash. 

 

 

 

 

  • Plastic bottles

Why plastic bottles?

 

Plastic bottles are economical especially when you’re just starting out. You don’t want start with big bottles which are a bigger investment. More importantly, use bottles with child proof caps. Also, clean your bottles to avoid ruining the flavor of the e-juice with the residue.

 

           How to make e-juice

Here’s how to make e-juice in 5 easy steps:

 

  1. Calculate nicotine percentage

To calculate your nicotine percentage, your math skills will be put to test. But don’t worry if you suck at math. You can do the calculation with the help of an online e-juice calculator or app. If you prefer doing the math yourself, you’ll need to know the nicotine strength in milligrams and the overall volume of the e-juice to calculate the required amount of nicotine.

 

Too much nicotine can mess up your e-juice hence add a little less nicotine than the recommended amount to be safe. Nicotine is added to the mix after steeping. You can also add one to five percent vodka if you still need more throat hit.

 

  1. Prepare flavors

Preparing flavors epitomizes the whole e-juice making process. Adding flavors can make or break the e-juice. You have the freedom to mix two or more flavors. But if you’re just starting out stick to one or two flavors.

 

Making e-juice is about trial and error, but as rule of thumb, add a little less than the e-juice percentage recommended by your calculator. You don’t want to ruin the whole batch by adding too much. Do a taste test after steeping then add the flavor according to taste.

 

Warning! Mixing e-juice can get complicated. For instance, artificial flavors behave differently when mixed together. If you’ve added flavor but it still not tasting, adding more won’t flavor help. In fact, it may end wiping it out the flavor entirely.

 

  1. Prepare the base

Normally, the VG/PG blending is 50/50 or 80/20. Choose any depending on your recipe. But it’s important to note that diluted nicotine has some percentage of PG and VG. Don’t forget to put that into consideration while calculating the VG/PG blend percentage.

    2. Mixing

Now, mix the blend in a bottle and shake it.  Shake it thoroughly especially high VG juices. They can be very thick and need proper shaking to mix well.

   3. Steeping

In steeping, you allow your e-juice to stay untouched for a while in a cool dry place. There is no pre-determined time for steeping. It can take a few days or in some cases months. After sometime the thick components settle at the bottom and you may need to shake it.

 

Steeping is basically oxidation. So it’s ideal to leave the cap off and let oxygen react with the highly volatile liquids such as alcohol. Putting the bottles in warm water can actually speed up steeping. Another way which you can speed up steeping from weeks to days, is using coffee mugs or a low cooker. However, in this case you’ll be required to frequently check your water level.

 

After steeping, not only does the flavor change but also does the colour. Your e-juice may turn from a colourless to a yellowish or even light brown color.  Actually, a change in colour means you e-juice has been properly steeped.

 

Steeping process may be long but worth the wait. For better steeping, you’ll need patience and lots of experimentation.

 

 Remember to post-mix after steeping. That means you should carry out other activities like labelling, testing and storing. While storing, keep out of reach of children and pets.

 

E-juice calculators

 A DIY e-juice calculator comes in handy while making e-juice.  It will give you all the information you need from nicotine strength to the amount of each ingredient needed.

 

There are tons of e-juice calculators out there. Some web-based and others as applications available for download on mobile and desktop. Here are a few e-juice calculators we recommend:

A DIY yourself guide couldn’t be complete without example recipe. Here’s is a strawberry flavored recipe from a reddit user:

 To start, we need to mix up your PG and VG base.

So let's use an example, and while I will walk you through the basic math here, keep in mind that there are calculators for use in the sidebar that will make all of these calculations for you.

Ok, So you have your PG, VG, Nic and PG based flavors. You decide you want to sample your Capella Sweet Strawberry and need to find the ideal flavor percentage to mix it at. Now, you may have found that already by doing your research ahead of time, but let's just pretend for illustrations sake that you are the first DiY'er in the history of ejuice.

 

You have 48mg/ml nicotine in a 100% VG base. You want to make 5ml samples. Let's start by mixing 3 batches, one @ 5% flavor, one @ 10% flavor, one @ 15% flavor. End goal is to have a 50/50 PG/VG juice with 12mg/ml nicotine.

 

So let's look at some math. 12mg (goal)/48mg(base) = .25. Now let's multiply that by our batch size of 5 ml. That gives us 1.25ml of our nic base that we will need. So, we load up our 3 bottles with 1.25ml of nicotine via using our 14ga blunt tip needles and either our 1ml or 3ml syringes.

 

Next, let's add our flavor. 5%, 10%, and 15%, multiply those percentages (.05, .10, .15 in a basic calculator) by your end goal volume (5ml) and you get the volume of flavor you need per bottle. You should wind up with 0.25ml, 0.50ml, and 0.75ml per bottle.

 

So...Your Nicotine base is VG, your flavors are PG based. Now let's figure out where we are at. 5% bottle has 1.25ml VG and .25ml PG. We want a 50/50 split so we need a total of 2.5ml VG and 2.5ml PG. Now all we need to do is add 1.25ml VG and 2.25ml PG to bottle one (5%). We add 1.25ml VG and 2ml PG to bottle 2 (10%). We add 1.25ml VG and 1.75ml PG to bottle 3 (15%).

 

Shake them well and voila, we now have 3 juices, one mixed @ 5%, one @ 10% and one @ 15%. Don't forget to label what is what!

 

Vape and enjoy.

For more diy e-liquid recipes checkout e-liquid-recipes.com.

 Conclusion

DIY e-liquid can be as simple or as complicated as you want it to be. With practice you’ll keep getting better. Again, remember to save you recipes in a notebook, spreadsheet or on e-liquid recipes.com. Thus, it will be easier to recreate and replicate your perfect blend once you find it.

 

Lastly, everything that is meant to go wrong will go wrong. A lot can go wrong while mixing and process can be tedious and overwhelming. That’s where you’ll need to call upon your patience. If you’re running short of patience, there’s still a lot of readymade e-juice to choose from out there.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

You've probably wondered whether it makes sense make your own e-juice.

Maybe it's because of the building up cost of e juice. For instance, if you're sub-ohmer, you can burn through 10 ml e-liquid daily. That means would spend more especially for premium e juices.

Or you prefer more unique profiles like passion and melon flavored e liquids. Or even worse, your favorite e juice is always sold out.

The solution; DIY e-liquids. You won’t believe how much money DIY can save. Let’s do the math.

Is it cheaper to make your own e-liquid?

 

If you Do-It-Yourself, a 10ml of e-liquid can save up to $90 monthly.

Let’s say every two days you buy a 10ml bottle. On average a 10ml bottle costs around $ 6.99. That means you’ll spend around $100 monthly. On the other hand, a 10ml diy e-liquid bottle will cost you as little as 28p. That’s $10 per month; $90 less than what it would cost.

A great deal right? Here’s how to make e-liquids.

 Making e-liquids       

Generally, there two ways of making e-juice:

  • By weight

All ingredients are weighed before mixing. This is because VG, PG and nicotine weigh differently. With the aid of a diy calculator, record the weights and calculate to find the required weight.

  • By volume

This involves measuring the volume of each ingredient using pipettes or syringes. If you use syringes, you’ll have to use different syringes per ingredient. Note, measuring by volume can be very messy. Mixing by weight is cleaner and accurate especially for e-liquids less than 100ml.

 

Diy e-liquid mixing kits

 

Regardless of your preferred method of mixing, these are the key ingredients you’ll need as a beginner:

 

  • PG/VG – Base liquid

It’s an odorless liquid comprising of both PG and VG. PG (Propylene Gylcol) is less viscous and it is used to carry flavor. Users claim that it produces a throat hit, similar to that of tobacco. Note, PG could have allergic side effects.

VG (Vegetable Glycerin) is more viscous than PG and has a sweet taste. It produces bigger clouds and most suitable for sub-ohm vaping.

 

Base liquid can sometimes be pre-mixed in the ratio of 50/50 or 70/30 for beginners. That means it will have a flexibility over the final ratio.

 

 

  • Pipettes/syringes

Using pipettes is absolutely the easiest method of mixing by volume. But, it’s not the most ideal because drops are not real units of measurement. Pipettes also don't give the accurate nicotine percentage. Nobody wants that.


That's why we recommend 10ml syringes for the base liquid and 1ml for nicotine and flavor concentrates. Gauge 4 syringes are recommended when dealing with the thicker VG.

  • Nicotine

Nicotine which is also present in cigarettes is addictive. It is important to note that nicotine is not mandatory for those who prefer nicotine free e-liquids. Nicotine suspended in PG but you can still find it in other solutions.


Nicotine strength depends on preference. For beginners, 36 or 48ml/ g in a 100 ml bottle is enough. Nicotine can be poisonous when ingested so keep away from children as well as pets.

 

  • Flavor concentrates

Flavors concentrates give taste to the e-liquid. There’s a wide range of flavors from trusted companies to choose from, choose wisely. However, you should only use flavorings made for inhaling and not the commonly used food flavorings.

 

  • Measuring scale

You’ll require an electronic measuring scale if you’re measuring by weight. Preferably, a scale that goes from 0.01gms to 200gms. That range makes it accurate when dealing with e-liquid recipes.

 

 You can try American Weigh Scales LB-501 which weighs up to 500gms. It’s considered a unicorn among measuring scale donkeys by all diyers out there. Plus, it comes with calibrated weights and 10-year warranty.

 

  • Gloves

Disposable gloves will come in handy while dealing with poisonous nicotine. You can easily get them over the counter in the nearest pharmacy. Don’t be fooled by the little spills, nicotine is very easily absorbed through the skin. Once, absorbed it can be hazardous or even cause a skin rash. 

 

 

 

 

  • Plastic bottles

Why plastic bottles?

 

Plastic bottles are economical especially when you’re just starting out. You don’t want start with big bottles which are a bigger investment. More importantly, use bottles with child proof caps. Also, clean your bottles to avoid ruining the flavor of the e-juice with the residue.

 

           How to make e-juice

Here’s how to make e-juice in 5 easy steps:

 

  1. Calculate nicotine percentage

To calculate your nicotine percentage, your math skills will be put to test. But don’t worry if you suck at math. You can do the calculation with the help of an online e-juice calculator or app. If you prefer doing the math yourself, you’ll need to know the nicotine strength in milligrams and the overall volume of the e-juice to calculate the required amount of nicotine.

 

Too much nicotine can mess up your e-juice hence add a little less nicotine than the recommended amount to be safe. Nicotine is added to the mix after steeping. You can also add one to five percent vodka if you still need more throat hit.

 

  1. Prepare flavors

Preparing flavors epitomizes the whole e-juice making process. Adding flavors can make or break the e-juice. You have the freedom to mix two or more flavors. But if you’re just starting out stick to one or two flavors.

 

Making e-juice is about trial and error, but as rule of thumb, add a little less than the e-juice percentage recommended by your calculator. You don’t want to ruin the whole batch by adding too much. Do a taste test after steeping then add the flavor according to taste.

 

Warning! Mixing e-juice can get complicated. For instance, artificial flavors behave differently when mixed together. If you’ve added flavor but it still not tasting, adding more won’t flavor help. In fact, it may end wiping it out the flavor entirely.

 

  1. Prepare the base

Normally, the VG/PG blending is 50/50 or 80/20. Choose any depending on your recipe. But it’s important to note that diluted nicotine has some percentage of PG and VG. Don’t forget to put that into consideration while calculating the VG/PG blend percentage.

 

  1. Mixing

Now, mix the blend in a bottle and shake it.  Shake it thoroughly especially high VG juices. They can be very thick and need proper shaking to mix well.

 

  1. Steeping

In steeping, you allow your e-juice to stay untouched for a while in a cool dry place. There is no pre-determined time for steeping. It can take a few days or in some cases months. After sometime the thick components settle at the bottom and you may need to shake it.

 

Steeping is basically oxidation. So it’s ideal to leave the cap off and let oxygen react with the highly volatile liquids such as alcohol. Putting the bottles in warm water can actually speed up steeping. Another way which you can speed up steeping from weeks to days, is using coffee mugs or a low cooker. However, in this case you’ll be required to frequently check your water level.

 

After steeping, not only does the flavor change but also does the colour. Your e-juice may turn from a colourless to a yellowish or even light brown color.  Actually, a change in colour means you e-juice has been properly steeped.

 

Steeping process may be long but worth the wait. For better steeping, you’ll need patience and lots of experimentation.

 

 Remember to post-mix after steeping. That means you should carry out other activities like labelling, testing and storing. While storing, keep out of reach of children and pets.

 

E-juice calculators

 A DIY e-juice calculator comes in handy while making e-juice.  It will give you all the information you need from nicotine strength to the amount of each ingredient needed.

 

There are tons of e-juice calculators out there. Some web-based and others as applications available for download on mobile and desktop. Here are a few e-juice calculators we recommend:

  • ejuice Me Up (desktop)
  • Juice Grinder (desktop)
  • E-liquid-recipes.com (web)
  • E-liquid calculator-Vape tool (android)

 

 

A DIY yourself guide couldn’t be complete without example recipe. Here’s is a strawberry flavored recipe from reddit user:

 

 

Ok, So you have your PG, VG, Nic and PG based flavors. You decide you want to sample your Capella Sweet Strawberry and need to find the ideal flavor percentage to mix it at. Now, you may have found that already by doing your research ahead of time, but let's just pretend for illustrations sake that you are the first DiY'er in the history of ejuice.

 

You have 48mg/ml nicotine in a 100% VG base. You want to make 5ml samples. Let's start by mixing 3 batches, one @ 5% flavor, one @ 10% flavor, one @ 15% flavor. End goal is to have a 50/50 PG/VG juice with 12mg/ml nicotine.

 

So let's look at some math. 12mg (goal)/48mg(base) = .25. Now let's multiply that by our batch size of 5 ml. That gives us 1.25ml of our nic base that we will need. So, we load up our 3 bottles with 1.25ml of nicotine via using our 14ga blunt tip needles and either our 1ml or 3ml syringes.

 

Next, let's add our flavor. 5%, 10%, and 15%, multiply those percentages (.05, .10, .15 in a basic calculator) by your end goal volume (5ml) and you get the volume of flavor you need per bottle. You should wind up with .25ml, .50ml, and .75ml per bottle.

 

So...Your Nicotine base is VG, your flavors are PG based. Now let's figure out where we are at. 5% bottle has 1.25ml VG and .25ml PG. We want a 50/50 split so we need a total of 2.5ml VG and 2.5ml PG. Now all we need to do is add 1.25ml VG and 2.25ml PG to bottle one (5%). We add 1.25ml VG and 2ml PG to bottle 2 (10%). We add 1.25ml VG and 1.75ml PG to bottle 3 (15%).

 

Shake them well and voila, we now have 3 juices, one mixed @ 5%, one @ 10% and one @ 15%. Don't forget to label what is what!

 

Vape and enjoy.

 

Conclusion

DIY e-liquid can be as simple or as complicated as you want it to be. With practice you’ll keep getting better. Again, remember to save you recipes in a notebook, spreadsheet or on e-liquid recipes.com. Thus, it will be easier to recreate and replicate your perfect blend once you find it.

 

Lastly, everything that is meant to go wrong will go wrong. A lot can go wrong while mixing and process can be tedious and overwhelming. That’s where you’ll need to call upon your patience. If you’re running short of patience, there’s still a lot of readymade e-juice to choose from out there.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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